Inma Bermúdez
Joan Gaspar

marset

‘Reflections on light’

Mathias Hahn

“I am particularly interested

in light as shadow and

the gradation of shadows themselves.”

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Mathias Hahn was born in Osnabrück, in northern Germany, and currently lives in London. He has been working with the company Marset in Barcelona since 2010. Three places, three very different kinds of light. After graduating as an industrial designer at Essen University in Germany and later at the Royal College of Arts in London, he founded his design studio in the capital of Great Britain in 2006 and is also co-founder of the OKAYstudio collective. His work focuses on utility and the way typologies can adapt to our everyday lives in order to form meaningful objects. The approach of his work is driven by the understanding of materials and the observation of the cultural backdrop that relates to the products that surround us. Since he received the 2010 German Design Award as Newcomer/Finallist, his work has repeatedly gained international recognition.

What is your favorite natural light?
When the sun is very low in the sky in the evening is when the color contrasts are the greatest. And the colors, in turn, keep shifting with the shadows.
I like the experience of light when I am travelling by train, and I keep collecting colors in my head. With the speed, all you see is bands of color, all created by the light of that very moment.

What led you to become a designer?
I began painting with my grandmother at a very young age. She was a painter and taught me the different techniques. So I wanted to become a painter or illustrator initially. At the same time I was always keen on making things. When something broke at home, my family would give it to me to fix. When I decided to join university, my first idea was to do graphic design, however ultimately I chose product design, where I could work directly with materials, with physical things. The time in the workshop has always given me a great deal of satisfaction in my studio work, and there is something about this direct and technical aspect that really fascinates me. As a designer I still work with a pencil and a paintbrush as well as in my workshop. In a way it was an evolution.

How does the design process get underway?
Usually starting points vary a lot. The initial phase can be more experimental, more reflective or more observation-based. Visiting a factory for example. Understanding a manufacturing process, reflecting on how it could be used or changed. Or questioning an existing typology by learning how it came into place.
Precisely the fact that the point of departure is always different is what makes this job so thrilling.

What does it mean to include light in an object?
Working with light means adding another layer to an object, which makes it more complex. From its passive state to the time when the light is turned on, a lamp becomes another thing altogether and the object itself ceases to be important.
Light determines the way we perceive things. And in turn, when you try to capture light, color, shadows and contrast, you see that objects are different in every moment.

What lights inspire your lamps?
Observing natural light might trigger an idea but that’s as far as it goes. If we are talking about literally re-creating a phenomenon of natural light with a product, this is nothing I am interested in. Natural light is best enjoyed naturally. We need artificial light when we don’t have natural light available, and it will always stay artificial. Understanding man-made light in cultural terms is what excites me. Like music from an instrument compared to a birds voice.

Observation and design go hand in hand.
I am a keen observer in general: of nature, of objects, of people.
To me design is like a language that can be read. As each of us perceives things and objects according to their own personal and cultural background, I am very interested in the context and how things correlate. In this sense, the same holds true with the concept of beauty. If you surprise people with a formal design, it’s because of the context, regardless of whether or not it is shared.

What would you like the users of your lamps to perceive?
If we ask ourselves why we need a new lamp design, to me it’s the same as asking why read a new book, or why see a new film.
The design of an object is about more than its function or formal appearance. It is important that things function well but after having used them for some time, the interesting question is how do they fit into our individual lives. If they offer room for interpretation and we actually allow them to be part of our own routines they become valuable.

What do you want to spark in the viewer?
We all have a favorite cup or glass that we always end up grabbing without thinking about it. This is an intuitive use of objects because they bring us satisfaction. If things are not relevant to us, we don’t spend time with them.
The incredible thing is when people can create their own history with something you have designed, and it works. When I work on a project, I think about this potential. In each new design I make a clearly defined proposal, a statement, which might at first lead the viewer to be interested in or attracted to it. But later there is a second stage, which is after you use it over time. And you realize that there is more to it, that it might even be better than you thought.

The past decade has witnessed major changes in artificial lighting. Do you have favorite light sources?
The most important thing to me is having this evolution in mind. I am not in favor of or against the old or the new. The incredible thing is that we have so many possibilities today. And this gives us a great deal of freedom to experiment. We are still in the midst of the process of evolution. I am excited to see what’s to come.

Might the future of artificial light make lamps almost invisible?
I think that we will always need that materiality. At least in some places, we need the context. Technology may be very sophisticated, but we still like to touch a wooden table or wear leather shoes.

What lamp that you haven’t made would you like to design?
I’m working on it. And the good thing is that there is still so much left to explore. I am particularly interested in light as shadow and the gradation of shadows themselves.

What are your design referents?
I appreciate the work of past designers, although I don’t profess any “religion” and I don’t follow any manifesto. My interest lies in understanding things and grasping their evolution. I am extremely curious about how things work themselves, as well as in their context.
For example, if we talk about light, I am interested in asking why we are so fascinated with the incandescent bulb. It is a functional object, yet it has also become an icon and an international system. We also appreciate how easy it is to change… There are lots of aspects about it.

But you use LED technology in your new projects.
Today LED has evolved a great deal and comes in several different formats. If I use it, it’s because it allows me to do what I want to do. I believe in evolution. But for the same reason that we still use candles, we could also use incandescent bulbs.

Finally, could you give us a definition of light?
You could say that light is the brushstroke that paints everything in the world. Light is life. It is one of the essential things that exist. In today’s world, we all need light. And we are fascinated by it, by its relationship with the visual, with what we can see.

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